The Paris Agreement is a historic international climate deal signed by 195 countries in December 2015. The agreement strives to keep the global temperature rise below 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels, and to limit the temperature increase to 1.5 degrees Celsius if possible. The Paris Agreement sets out a long-term goal to achieve a balance between the emission of greenhouse gases and their removal by sinks such as forests and oceans.
The agreement was ratified by 189 countries, including the United States, China, and India, in April 2016. According to the terms of the Paris Agreement, it would come into force 30 days after it had been ratified by at least 55 countries responsible for at least 55 percent of global greenhouse gas emissions.
On November 4, 2016, the Paris Agreement officially entered into force after the threshold of 55 parties and 55 percent of global emissions had been met. The agreement will become legally binding on all parties that have ratified it, and they will be required to report on their emissions and progress towards their climate goals. Countries that have not yet ratified the agreement can still do so at any time.
The Paris Agreement is seen as a landmark achievement in the global fight against climate change. It is the world`s first universal, legally binding climate deal, and it has the potential to significantly reduce greenhouse gas emissions and limit the worst impacts of global warming.
The agreement has been hailed as a major step forward in the global effort to combat climate change, but it is just the beginning. There is still a long road ahead to ensure that the goals of the Paris Agreement are met, and that the world is able to mitigate and adapt to the impacts of climate change.
In conclusion, the Paris Agreement came into force on November 4, 2016, after being ratified by 55 parties responsible for at least 55 percent of global greenhouse gas emissions. The agreement is a landmark achievement in the global fight against climate change and has the potential to significantly reduce greenhouse gas emissions. However, there is still much work to be done to ensure that the goals of the Paris Agreement are met and that the impacts of climate change are mitigated and adapted to.